“Theme and variation is simply the combination into a single principle of the effects of contrast and repetition. Once a theme is stated, it may then be given a series of restatements, each recognizably the same, though each work a variation on the theme”John F.A. Taylor
What does it mean to paint a series?
Have you explored creating art by working a theme into a series? Doing so can improve your skills and sales.
Over time, I’ve slowing grown to appreciate the value of painting in a series. Perhaps a turning point was when my local art museum exhibited Monet’s series from his gardens, including his water lily pond, rose archway, gardens and iconic Japanese bridge. It is telling that Monet focused more on serial painting after he had become successful and was rewarded with the flexibility to create whatever he wanted. He made a deliberate choice to paint this way later in life.
Unless you paint as a photo realist, you are making subjective choices in every painting. Art is a subjective endeavor. Painting in a series that constricts the subject gives the artist the opportunity to explore subjective artistic choices to look at the subject in new ways. In this way, it builds creativity muscle.
Here are some examples of other art forms that use a serial format. You can see the value of this is pervasive.
- Music. In jazz improvisation, a set of chord progressions is analogous to the subject in a series, and provide the context for experimentation. Like a painting series, each improvisation performance is unique, but made consistent by a single chord progression.
- Television. In a television series, a foundation of characters forms the basis for exploring different situations.
- Painting. One of my favorite series that I study often is Kevin Macphereson’s “Reflections on a Pond,” in which he paints 365 views of his pond. Jean Stern said of this book, “Kevin’s goal was for the subject to be secondary to the momentary conditions that affect it,” conditions such as weather, time of day and light.
Why paint a series?
- Deepen Subject Understanding. There is tremendous value in reducing the complexity of making art. Making fewer choices and focusing on decisions that matter (subtlety, color, etc.) allows the artist to explore the subject of a theme more deeply. Series are paths to discovery, the essence of creation.
- Foster the Eye. The challenge of discovering or inventing variations on a theme forces you to create differences within a context, such as the painting’s subject (e.g., for Monet, haystacks). This helps the artist develop subtlety and train the eye to see new things.
- Improving Sales. While I have no research to back this up, I think there’s a sales benefit. It’s interesting how a buyer’s thinking works. Viewing a series, I believe they begin an internal process of judging which among the series they like best. It simplifies their choice. Rather than choosing between a seascape and a cityscape for example, they are given a narrowed path to make a purchase decision. Also, this kind of work demonstrates your depth as an artist, that you can see the same subject and represent it in a myriad of ways. This increases the buyer’s confidence that you have the breadth of skills to succeed long term, making you a good investment.
- Studio Work. And finally, a series of smaller works can be a form of exploration for larger studio work.
How to paint in a series
- Start with an Objective. There are typically two objectives: either to learn new skills (with no intention of showing the work); or developing a series with a sales objective. For example, living in San Francisco, I’ve painted series’ around an iconic subject that I know will connect with collectors. At other times, I paint this way simply to learn the subject more fully.
- Choose a Subject. Select a subject and create variables for exploration. For example, in this San Francisco moon rise series, the subject is the rising moon, and I’ve constrained the series by using the same aspect ration (9×12 here), same view (living room window), and proportion of sky to land. The areas of exploration are color, weather conditions, the position of the moon in the sky and the moon’s size.
- Rinse and Repeat. Create new variations on your theme until you’ve met your objective.
Painting in a series is a great way to explore any subject and grow as an artist. Share your own experience in comments. For a video of this series with music, click here to go to YouTube, or click the video below.